From Our Bureau

The Corona Virus (CPVID-19) pandemic situation remained worse globally, with the confirmed cases across the world soaring to 8,57,641 and the death toll rising to 42,006 in the 206 affected countries and territories. 

According to the latest update from the World Health Organization (WHO), the number of COVID-19 confirmed cases is increasing in tens of thousands and the confirmed death toll is shooting up in thousands every day.

In India, the number of confirmed cases touched 1,965 and the death toll crossed the 50-mark on 2nd April. During the last 24 hours, 328 new confirmed cases and 12 new deaths have been reported. 151 persons have been cured/discharged from the hospitals after recovery.

Globally, European region continued to be the worst-hit, followed by American region, Western Pacific region, Eastern Mediterranean region, South-East Asia region and African region. WHO Risk Assessment at global level remained very high.  

Referring to the current global situation, WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, at a media briefing on 1st April, said, “as we enter the fourth month since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, I am deeply concerned about the rapid escalation and global spread of infection.”

“Over the past 5 weeks, we have witnessed a near exponential growth in the number of new cases, reaching almost every country, territory and area. The number of deaths has more than doubled in the past week. In the next few days, we will reach 1 million confirmed cases, and 50 thousand deaths,” he observed.

While relatively lower numbers of confirmed cases have been reported from Africa, and from Central and South America, the WHO realizes that COVID-19 could have serious social, economic and political consequences for these regions. “It is critical that we ensure these countries are well equipped to detect, test, isolate and treat cases, and identify contacts – I am encouraged to see that this is occurring in many countries, despite limited resources,” he noted.

Many countries are asking people to stay at home and shutting down population movement, which can help to limit transmission of the virus, but can have unintended consequences for the poorest and most vulnerable people. “I have called on governments to put in place social welfare measures to ensure vulnerable people have food and other life essentials during this crisis,” he pointed out.

In India, for example, Prime Minister Modi has announced a $24 billion package, including free food rations for 800 million disadvantaged people, cash transfers to 204 million poor women and free cooking gas for 80 million households for the next 3 months.

Many developing countries will struggle to implement social welfare programs of this nature. For those countries, debt relief is essential to enable them to take care of their people and avoid economic collapse. This is a call from WHO, the World Bank and the IMF – debt relief for developing countries.

The WHO Director-General said: “Three months ago, we knew almost nothing about this virus.  Collectively, we have learned an enormous amount. And every day, we learn more. WHO is committed to serving all people everywhere with the best evidence to protect their health. WHO develops guidance based on the totality of evidence collected from around the world. Every day, our staff talk to thousands of experts around the world to collect and distil that evidence and experience.”

“We constantly review and update our guidance as we learn more, and we are working to adapt it for specific contexts. For example, we recommend handwashing and physical distancing, but we also recognize this can be a practical challenge for those who lack access to clean water, or who live in cramped conditions. Together with Unicef and the International Federation of the Red Cross, we’ve published new guidance for improving access to handwashing. The guidance recommends that countries set up handwashing stations at the entrance to public buildings, offices, bus stops and train stations,” he added.

“We’re also working hard with researchers all over the world to generate the evidence about which medicines are most effective for treating COVID-19. There has been an extraordinary response to our call for countries to join the Solidarity trial, which is comparing four drugs and drug combinations. So far, 74 countries have either joined the trial or are in the process of joining. As of this morning, more than 200 patients had been randomly assigned to one of the study arms. Each new patient who joins the trial gets us one step closer to knowing which drugs work,” he observed.

“We’re also continuing to study the evidence about the use of masks. WHO’s priority is that frontline health workers are able to access essential personal protective equipment, including medical masks and respirators. That’s why we are continuing to work with governments and manufacturers to step up the production and distribution of personal protective equipment, including masks. There’s an ongoing debate about the use of masks at the community level,” he pointed out.

WHO recommends the use of medical masks for people who are sick and those caring for them. However, in these circumstances, masks are only effective when combined with other protective measures. WHO continues to gather all available evidence and continues to evaluate the potential use of masks more broadly to control COVID-19 transmission at the community level.

“This is still a very new virus, and we are learning all the time. As the pandemic evolves, so does the evidence, and so does our advice. But what doesn’t change is WHO’s commitment to protecting the health of all people, based on the best science, without fear or favour,” he concluded. (eom)

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