From Our Bureau                       

18th MAY 2020

A total of 96,169 confirmed cases of COVID-19 have been reported in the country so far and the death toll mounted to 3,029 on Monday.

India currently has 56,316 active cases. So far, a total of 36,824 people have been cured of COVID-19. In the last 24 hours, a total of 2,715 patients have been cured. The recovery rate has improved to 38.29 percent.

In terms of confirmed cases per lakh population, India has so far about 7.1 cases per lakh of population versus 60 cases per lakh population for the world as a whole. The status of cases per lakh of population for countries having the highest number of confirmed cases vide WHO situation report 118, is as follows: 

Countries Total Confirmed Cases Cases per lakh of population
World 45,25,497 60
United States of America 1,409,452 431
Russian Federation 281,752 195
The United Kingdom 240,165 361
Spain 230,698 494
Italy 224,760 372
Brazil 218,223 104
Germany 174,355 210
Turkey 148,067 180
France 140,008 209
Iran 118,392 145
India 96,169* 7.1

* Latest figures updated for 18th May, 2020

The Government of India is pursuing its pre-emptive and pro-active approach for prevention, containment and management of COVID-19. The COVID-19 management efforts are being regularly reviewed and monitored at the highest level. Aggressive and early measures so far have shown encouraging results.

Union Ministry of Health has issued new guidelines on 17th May to the States for categorization of red/orange/green zones. As per these guidelines States have been asked to categorize districts/ municipal corporations, or if warranted subdivision/ ward or any other administrative unit as red/orange/green zone as per their field assessment.

This has to be done based on multifactorial analysis on the combination of the parameters shared by MoHFW, which are namely, total active cases, active cases per lakh population, doubling rate (calculated over 7 days period), case fatality rate, testing ratio and test confirmation rate.

In terms of field action, States have been asked to meticulously delineate the containment and buffer zones. States have been told to ensure stringent implementation of the containment plans in these containment zones.

In the containment zones, active search for cases through the house to house surveillance by special teams, testing of all cases as per sampling guidelines, contact tracing, clinical management of all confirmed cases are the priority tasks.  Active involvement of community would be sought in this regard.

Further, around each containment zone, a Buffer zone has to be delineated so as to ensure that infection does not spread to the adjoining areas. In buffer zones, extensive surveillance for cases through monitoring ILI/SARI cases in health facilities has to be coordinated.

It is important to ensure effective community awareness on preventive measures such as personal hygiene, hand hygiene and respiratory etiquettes, promote use of face cover and physical distancing through enhanced IEC activities. (eom)

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